Choosing the Right Tree

When you are planning your landscaping project, there are several elements that go into choosing the right tree. You should know what size your tree will be at maturity. You should understand what will grow well in the soil conditions of your neighbourhood. Most importantly you should know what you want from your tree once it is planted. You may want your tree to shade an area, to provide privacy or to create a visual impact.

Tree size

The best landscaping plan takes size into consideration when choosing the right tree.
– Short and wide trees grow up to 25 feet tall and 40 feet wide. They can grow taller than the roof of a single-story house. They can be planted where they won’t interfere with overhead utility lines or traffic. They need lots of room.
– Short and skinny trees grow up to 25 feet tall and only about 20 feet wide. They are great for small areas or under overhead utility wires.
– Medium and wide trees grow up to 45 feet tall and 40 feet wide. They provide shade for the entire roof area of a single-story house and the walls and windows of a two-story home. They need lots of room.
– Medium and skinny trees grow up to 45 feet tall and about 20 feet wide. They are great for areas near fences and smaller places.
– Tall and wide trees grow higher than 45 feet tall and 40 feet wide. They provide the most shade for homes, driveways and other large, hot areas.
– Tall and skinny trees grow higher than 45 feet tall and about 20 feet wide. They provide shade in areas that do not have a lot of room.

Soil Conditions
If water is not draining well on your planting site, choosing the right tree won’t make any difference. Be careful to recognize and correct the soil conditions for growing a healthy tree. In conditions that are too moist, trees might not simply die, they might instead show chronic symptoms associated with root loss. These include yellowing of leaves, dropping leaves, marginal scorching and other symptoms. When trees and shrubs suffer from excess water they become susceptible to other issues such as diseases and insects.

Drought stress occurs when plant roots are not absorbing enough water for their needs. When choosing the right tree, make sure you understand signs that it may not be getting enough water. In some cases, plants that are over-watered actually suffer the same symptoms as drought stress because over-watering drives out oxygen that roots need for proper functioning. Roots don’t distinguish between insufficient oxygen and insufficient water.

Trees for creating shade
When it comes to creating shade in your yard, choosing the right tree for your specific needs means knowing whether you are looking for an evergreen or deciduous.

Evergreen trees keep their leaves and can provide shade year round. Of course the shade is limited but as a bonus they care also good trees for privacy, wind breaks and shading hot areas from too much sun.

Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall or winter so they are great trees to plant on the south, east and west sides of your home to provide shade from the hot summer sun. They will appreciate being planted in this warmer side of the yard during the winter when the sun can shine on them.

Trees that are naturally narrow, usually with a single trunk, and a short, uniform branch spread are referred to as columnar trees. Because columnar trees only need five or six feet in diameter, a row of these trees are the perfect choice for creating shade from the sun coming across a south facing yard. They also fit perfectly into a corner to provide shade to a quite seating area.